The United Nations

Posted on Apr 29 2013 - 12:58pm by Admin

The United Nations and Maintenance of International Peace and Security

The United Nations a successor of the League of  Nations was created in an attempt to reform  the contemporary international political order. The outbreak of the Second World War convinced the world leader that the failures of  he League of Nations to contribute towards creating a strong international order, with wider acceptability across the globe and that was well placed to address the global problems, sparked the outbreak. After  going through the devastation of the war and facing the chain reaction of bloodshed, violence, brutality, hunger, and migration, the victors  of the war decided to improve upon  the botched experience of the League and there upon The United Nations was created.

The United Nations

The United Nations

The United Nations officially came into existence when the Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the US and by a majority of other signatories on 24 October 1945 the day now known as the UN day.

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The framer of the charter attempted to make the international system  more fluid and flexible to respond to the challenges  that could potentially threaten international  peace and security. The  other contemporary status   to ensure their supremacy and to perpetually outcast the axis  powers Germany, Japan and Italy who fought against the allied powers America, the Great Britain and the Soviet Union.

The United Nations

The United Nations

Explicit reference to these states, in the  form of enemy states could be found in Articles 53  and 77  of the Charter.The purpose of the UN as  per Article 1 of the Charter is  to ensure international peace and security and to take collective measures to that effect; to develop friendly  relations among nations; to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of  economic, social, cultural and humanitarian character; to be a center for  harmonizing the  actions of nations these common goals.

The United Nations

A cursory look at these objectives will reflect the main purpose of the main purpose  of the UN maintenance of international peace and security. In pursuance of these objectives, the principles to conduct interstate relation have been mentioned in the Article 2, which, interalia, states that the member states must resolve their  differences peacefully and shall refrain from  using force or threat of using force.  This article also restricts the UN  to intervene in matters  which fall directly within the  domestic jurisdiction of the states. This, however, does not preclude the UN from taking  action under Chapter VII of the Charter and  enforcing its decision upon any state.

The United Nations

The United Nations

The creation of the  UN  has prompted the  debate over  the successes and failures of the UN with arguments  on  both sides abound. Those in favor  argue that the UN  system   has  successfully prevented the outbreak of  Third World War.Where as critics support  their  arguments pointing towards  the opaque proceedings on the Security Council, the main  decision  making  body with the powers  to enforce its decision  under Chapter VII.  In order to evaluate his performance of the UN system, first, it is pertinent to understand  the infrastructure and the working.

The United Nations

The United Nations

The  UN comprises six organs: The United Nations Assembly, the Security council, the Economic  and Social Council   the  Trusteeship  Council, the International Court of  justice and  the Secretariat  headed by the UN  secretary general. The Security Council has 15 members   five permanent  also known as  P-5  and 10 non-permanent  members  with two year term  each. The issues on which the Council  deliberates upon  are  classified into procedural and non-procedural  or substantive. The  vote on the procedural question  requires concurrence of any nine   members   including the concurrence of p-5. A negative vote of any p-5 member is a negative vote.

The United Nations

The United Nations

Interestingly,  the very question  whether  any issue is  procedural or substantive is  itself   a  non-procedural question and can be  vetoed. The proceedings of the Council mostly take  place in informal consultations and among  the p-5. The lack of  transparency is the biggest criticism of its working that is entirely indefensible.The United Nations Assembly is the true democratic organ in which each of  the 193 members of the UN enjoys one  vote. Under Article 10, The United Nations Assembly can  deliberate upon  any issue that comes  under the charter  except  those that are already under discussion in the Council and  has the authority to frame  recommendations.

The United Nations

The United Nations

To a cynic, The United Nations assembly is  only a debating club as the  meaningful actions take place in the Council. However, objectively speaking, The United Nations assembly has weight of its own and it is not possible to endlessly resist an issue on which unanimity prevails in the United Nations assembly.

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