Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

Posted on May 1 2013 - 7:39am by Admin

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

The  United Nations  Security  Council failed to support the  resolution that was under  chapter  VII  of the charter, against  Syria. The resolution  was table jointly  by  the  United  Kingdom  and the United States  the two powers which clam to champion the cause of human rights and democracy.  The  resolution was doubly vetoed by Russia  and  China whereas two non- permanent members  Pakistan and South  Africa  abstained  from voting.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

This was third such attempt  to activate the  Security Council  to  clamp tougher sanctions on  Syria  and to  created  an opening  for  the  military  action  akin to that of Libya. However, the movers of the resolution   failed  to persuade Russia and China  to use  their right  to veto the  substantive  matter under Article  27 (3) of  the Charter.  This  has generated a  mix  response among  the  international community  in which the voices  in  favour of the  vetoed  resolution are more resonant, clear and determined.  The White House has termed the veto as highly regrettable  and  highly  unfortunate.

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Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

By  now  we are well  aware  of the events  that  triggered  eruption, evolution and  blossoming   of  Arab Spring  in Tunisia   and from thereon  to the entire northern   Africa,  and  Yemen and Syria in the  Middle East.  Mostly  the  authoritarian   regimes or  the  dynasties in  those  countries  created and fuelled  the   disenchantment   among the general  populace especially  the  youth.  Resultantly,  the  pent up  anger and deprivation was  erupted  in the  form  of  revolution   later  coined   as  Arab  Spring. The  snowball effect  took  the neighbouring countries like  Libya  and  Egypt  by  storm.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

But  this  was not all.  Where  the  revolution gave  birth  to  new  hopes of  adopting  democratic  ideals, it also  created  opportunities  for the global  powers   to  direct  and  mould  the new  developments to  as  per  their  own  interests.  Accordingly, the powers  had  mobilised  their  resources  and  directed their attention to take optimum results from the   Arab  Spring. What  was  not  achieved  by  combining  it  with  force.Libya was  the  first  example  when the Resolution  1973  (2011)   was construed  as the green  signal from the UN to oust  Qaddafi. At that time Russia and China abstained  and  Germany, India  and  Brazil  followed  the  suite. Syria  become   the next   test case. Russia and  China, which  disagreed  with the  follow up  action  of the  US  and  the NATO on Libya, pursuant  to Resolution 1973,  are  opposing another similar   action  on   Syria   an  ally.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

It    may   also  be kept  in mind  that  the  peace  plan  of   Mr.  Kofi  Annan, that enjoyed the  backing of the  Arab League and the  UN, has  also  failed  to  deliver  so far. Launched  in  February  this  year,  the  6  point  peace  plan was aimed at  ending violence and  initiating  a  political   dialogue  to  created  a  win set for all  the stake holders.  However, the plan has not  delivered any  concrete results   and   the mandate   of   UNSMIS   United  States Supervision  Mission in  Syria  expired on  July 20. However, an extension  of another 30 days has been  granted  to the Mission.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

The 16 months old conflict in Syria  is  turning  violent and bloody as the  clock   ticks. President  Assad,s   regime has no qualms  in  smashing the rebels  in  cold   blood   which  he clams are getting supply of  arms and  funds from the  West.  By  vetoing the resolutionPresident Assad  has   been  given more time  to effectively quash the rebels.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

In order  to understand the Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria? , the   interests   of the stakeholders  are  taken into  account.  The West  of  course is on the same page because by  de-seating   Assad,s regime they  are hopeful to install a   set up  that   can  be  influenced   to  serve their national  interests.  Moreover, this line of action is  parallel   to  their  stated  support  to  democratic ideals.Russia and  China, on the other hand,  are supportive of  Assad,s   regime rather  it  can be  said  that  they  are not as intolerant against the regime as  the  Western powers are.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

What  explains the  veto is  not  just  Russia,s  and  China,s  opposition to  the use of  military force   to  unseat the  Assad  regime,  something which would  have  required   another  Security  Council  resolution  in   any  event. They also  are uneasy with  anything  that legitimises   international  involvement  in  what   they  see  as the domestic affairs of countries.  Both  the  Russian  and   Chinese  governments  fear  precedents that could be  turned against them.  By contrast, the United  outsiders have   a   responsibility to  act if governments mistreat  their citizens.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

In  the   same  vein, Dimitri   Simes, president and  CEO, Center  for the  National  while giving interview to the CFR said when  asked “Russian Foreign Minister Sergey   Lavrov  has indicated that  Russia  is not  going to change its position  about sanctions.  Why  is Moscow so supportive    of   the  regime of    Bashar alAssaad?”

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

I don,t   think  they,re that  A  better  way to put it is that  they,re not as opposed  to the Damascus regime as the  Obama   administration and many other governments….. Assad  is a  Moscow client.  He   certainly was not  taking  guidance  from  Moscow. He  also for a number  of months has stopped paying his bills, so he,s not a   reliable  customer.

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

He  also is an embarrassment in terms of Russian  relations, not only  with   the   United States,  but with  most  Arab countries  and with Israel, a  country  economically  more  In  order to understand  the Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria? the  interests  of the  stakeholders are  taken  into account. The West of course is on the same page because   by deseating Assads regime they are hopeful  to install  a  set up  that can be  influenced to serve their  national interests. important to Russia than Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria.He further elaborated how the  action of the US  and the West have  been  perceived  in Moscow when he said:

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria?

Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring blossom in Syria?

In Russia there  is ” conviction that  Russia  was not treated   sufficiently  as a  great  power by the United States, and  that the United States  was more committed to changes around Russia,  bringing  former Soviet republics and allies into NATO  or the  European  Union, than in having  a  constructive relationship  with Russia.”In the end, the continuous  inter play  of the  diplomatic tactics and  the interests of the stakeholder at  the international chessboard, it  cannot be said  that the crisis are going to end any time  soon .  The US  and its allies have started looking for ways to circumvent the  UN. Syrian Conundrum Will the Arab Spring  blossom in Syria? might see  an action akin to what happened in Iraq or at  least in Bosnia.

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