Sino Pak ties
Pakistan and China have enjoyed mutually beneficial and cordial relations since 1951 when diplomaticties were formally established. Mainly, the pragmatic and farsighted approach of the early leadership of the two countries paid the dividends. The mature decision that were taken such as lending recognition to China by Pakistan and amicable convincing reasons behind this friendship which is fair weather, deeper than the oceans and higher than Himalayas.
The relationship stood the test of the time during various crises such as Sino Pak ties war 1962, wars of 1965 and 71, Brass Tack military adventure of India and May 1998 when both the countries tested their nukes. By exploding the nuclear devices, Pakistan was compelled to pick up the gauntlet thrown by India to match the newly introduced nuclear dimension in the balance of power (Bop) that existed.
Given the numerical superiority of India army and the conventional weapons that it possessed, clearly the Bop between India and Pakistan was already precarious. It was ignored by the West that Pakistan would be at strategic disadvantage if it had not matched the suite and the heavy hand of the US and the international community failed to distinguish the culprit. However, even at that stage, China supported Pakistan,s position and severely criticised India of nuclearising the region.
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Sino Pak ties
Alas? Our miseries have always been compounded by our misadventures such as the Kargil episode. India used our strategic blunder to its own advantage and emerged as a responsible nuclear state by displaying restraint and portrayed Pakistan as an aggressor that sparked the crisis despite of former,s benign intention of establishing peaceful relation as was envisioned in Lahore Declaration 1999. The world became convinced that while India was mature enough to behave like a responsible nuclear state, Pakistan,s brinkmanship could have escalated into a nuclear Armageddon.
That point onwards, Pakistan started getting discriminatory treatment. For instance, despite being non-signatory of NPT, a country specific exemption was made for India to offer civilian nuclear deal. This is unprecedented. Pakistan is now trying to seek the same from China however it is not yet clear if Pakistan,s expectations would be timely honoured.
Sino Pak ties
At present, Sino Pak ties relations are undergoing another test mainly be cause the region has become a hot bed of global politics. China is rising and the United States want to at least delay the rise if not altogether putting a full stop to it. The reasons are not far to fetch. China,s rapid economic growth has enabled it to challenge the US supremacy. There fore the US want to preserve or at least insulate its unipolar status from erosion to whatever extent possible.As usual, the US administration has developed innovative ideas to promote its interests. It is supporting India without showing any respect to the world opinion Agreement a case in point to challenge the Chinese hegemony in the region and strengthening defence ties with Japan and South Korea.
On the other side, Chinese are investing their bucks with the SCO block, of which Pakistan is an observer and are also normalising their ties with India. this game is popularly known as US policy of China,s containment. This equation China and the Sino- US relations kick stated with exchange of ping-pong teams.
It may also be kept in mind that Pakistan introduced resolutions in the Security Council in support of lending recognition to mainland China but thoughtfully, the same was kept pending by the US.