Pak- US relations
The Pak- US relations is no doubt an old relationship that has survived many ups and downs. We have been friends and allies for nearly 65 years now. Yes, it has been a curious relationship. It never had any conflict of interest and yet remaind without any mutuality of interest either. The only mutuality in this hinge has been one of expediency with each side always aiming at different goals and objectives to be derived from this relationship.
When we became independent in 1974, we were a house divided not against itself but by more than 1000 miles of hostile India,s territory. The world itself was divided in two rival, mutually hostile blocs presenting our foreign policy with a difficult choice; either align with the so called free world represented at that time by the West or accept subservience to the authritarian and monolithic Communist system.
In tat intensely bi-polar world, we made a deliberate choice of opting for the global pole that we thought stood for freedom and democracy. In 1954, we entered into a “mutual defence agreement” with the US and by 1995 we were part of two major Western alliance, SEATO and CENTO in the hope that they will provide strenght to Pak- US relations in our quest for survival.
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The Us pressurized France to cancel a deal for supply of a reprocessing plant to Pakistan.Limited U.s aid was then resumed in 1975, but was suspended again in 1979 by the carter Administration in response to what was alleged as Pakistan’s covert construction of a uranium enrichment facility.
For us, the over-riding consideration in seeking alliances with the West was our need for military and economic support which to some extend we did receive: and for the West, it was their concern about Soviet expansionism and Pakistan’s special geo-political importance and its potential for a determined and decisive role in the final stages of the Cold war.
Pak- US relations
This was a clear expression of our choice for freedom and for security.Our experience, however, did not match our expectation.As a result of these alliances,we did recive nearly $2 billion in US asistance from 1953 to1961 but when it came to defending ourselves against India in 1965 and then again in 1971,we were left all alone, and in the process lost half the country, the worst that could happen to any independent state in contemporary history.