In India, 90 percent of children from poor families remain illiterate despite completing four years of school education. Also, around 30 percent of children reach the illiteracy rate even after attending five-six years of school.
Other than this, only 44 percent of rural students in Maharashtra and 53 percent student in Tamil Nadu in Std V age group could perform two digit subtraction sums.
These are just a few to name among the many alarming findings in UNESCO’s 11th Education For All (EFA) Global monitoring report. IT clearly depicts that though progress is taking place, most EFA goals to be achieved till 2015 are being missed. As per the report, the speed of achieving universal primary education, lower secondary education and youth literacy is woefully slow in various nations.
Keeping India in mind, the report said that though the rich young women have already achieved universal literacy, the poor are projected to reach there only by 2080. Reporting on the financial education trends, for all the nations, the report states that: “Around the world, governments are grappling with ways to reallocate their education budgets to those children most in need. Allocations per child still do not adequately reflect the costs of delivering quality education to the marginalized.”
According to the report, in India analysis, Kerela being one of the wealthier states, spend merely 685$ per child on education. The figure is only 100$ in Bihar.The reports have suggested that one of the new EFA goals after 2015 should be setting a target for all countries to allocate at least six percent of the GNP to education and at least 20 percent of the total government expenditure on education.
India has been in the list of those 10 countries that have progressed very fast in being able to reduce the children drop-out rate in recent years, but it has also created a learning crisis. Nearly 250 million children across the globe fail to learn the basics, one-third of which are based in South and West Asia. The progress is too slow especially for the disadvantaged. Mathematics remains a struggle for many. The gaps between rich and poor states in India is widening day by say. Besides this, poverty decreases the chances of students continuing school education for a long time. In U.P. only 70 percent of poor kids make it Std V, whereas in MP only 85 percent of poor kids attend schools compared to 96 percent in rich children.
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